Ladakh Bike Trip: A Thrilling Journey through the Himalayas

Embark on an exhilarating adventure with a Ladakh bike trip organized by The Dream Riders Group. Traverse through the majestic Himalayas and explore the breathtaking beauty of Ladakh on two wheels. In this guide, we’ll take you through everything you need to know to plan your unforgettable Ladakh bike trip.

Selecting the Perfect Tour Package

Choosing the Ideal Ladakh Bike Tour Package

Discover the perfect Ladakh bike tour package tailored to your preferences and budget. Whether you’re a seasoned rider or a first-time adventurer, there’s a package for everyone. Explore the diverse itineraries offered by The Dream Riders Group and select the one that best suits your interests.

Preparing for Your Adventure

Essential Gear and Equipment

Gear up for your Ladakh bike trip with the essential gear and equipment checklist. From helmets to riding jackets, ensure your safety and comfort throughout your journey. Our detailed guide will help you pack efficiently for the ultimate Himalayan adventure.

Navigating Ladakh’s Terrain

Mastering the Diverse Terrain of Ladakh

Prepare to conquer Ladakh’s diverse terrain, from rugged mountain passes to winding roads. Learn expert tips for navigating challenging landscapes and maximizing your biking experience. With our guidance, you’ll tackle every twist and turn with confidence.

Immersing in Ladakh’s Culture

Experiencing Ladakh’s Rich Cultural Heritage

Immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of Ladakh as you explore ancient monasteries, traditional villages, and colorful markets. Learn about the unique customs and traditions of the region and interact with friendly locals along the way.

Adapting to High Altitude

Coping with High Altitude Challenges

Prepare your body for the high altitude of Ladakh with our expert tips for acclimatization. Learn how to prevent altitude sickness and stay healthy throughout your journey. Our guide ensures a smooth transition as you ascend to the breathtaking heights of Ladakh.

Capturing Memorable Moments

Photography Tips for Stunning Shots

Capture the beauty of Ladakh with professional photography tips and techniques. From panoramic landscapes to candid portraits, immortalize your adventure with breathtaking photographs. Our guide will help you capture every moment of your Ladakh bike trip.

Indulging in Local Cuisine

Savoring Ladakhi Delicacies

Treat your taste buds to the flavors of Ladakh with its delectable cuisine influenced by Tibetan and Indian flavors. From savory momos to hearty thukpa, indulge in a culinary journey like no other. Our guide to Ladakhi cuisine ensures a gastronomic experience you won’t forget.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the best time to visit Ladakh? The best time to visit Ladakh is from May to September, during the summer months when the weather is pleasant and the roads are accessible.
  • Do I need a special permit for a Ladakh bike trip? Yes, travelers to Ladakh require permits, which can be obtained through authorized travel agencies or online portals.
  • What type of bike is suitable for Ladakh terrain? A sturdy, off-road capable bike such as a Royal Enfield Himalayan is recommended for Ladakh’s rugged terrain.
  • Are there medical facilities available in Ladakh? While basic medical facilities are available in major towns like Leh, it’s advisable to carry a basic first aid kit and any necessary medications.
  • Can I rent a bike in Ladakh? Yes, there are several rental agencies in Leh where travelers can rent bikes for their Ladakh adventure.


Embark on the journey of a lifetime with a Ladakh bike trip organized by The Dream Riders Group. Experience the thrill of riding through the Himalayas and immerse yourself in the rich culture of Ladakh. Start planning your adventure today and create memories that will last a lifetime.

Thermocol EIFS

Thermocol: A Versatile Solution for EIFS and Pipe Insulation

In the realm of construction and insulation, Thermocol emerges as a versatile material offering exceptional thermal properties and ease of application. In this comprehensive guide, we explore the applications and benefits of Thermocol EIFS (Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems) and pipe insulation, highlighting its significance in enhancing energy efficiency and structural integrity.

Understanding Thermocol for EIFS

Thermocol, also known as Expanded Polystyrene (EPS), is a lightweight foam insulation material renowned for its outstanding thermal performance. When used in EIFS applications, Thermocol serves as a reliable insulating layer, contributing to improved energy efficiency and climate control within buildings. Its integration into EIFS systems enhances thermal resistance, reducing heat transfer through exterior walls and minimizing energy consumption for heating and cooling purposes.

Advantages of Thermocol for EIFS

  1. Thermal Efficiency:

Thermocol insulation effectively minimizes thermal bridging and heat transfer, resulting in enhanced thermal comfort and energy savings. By creating a continuous insulation layer, it helps maintain stable indoor temperatures, reducing reliance on heating and cooling systems.

  1. Durability:

Despite its lightweight nature, Thermocol insulation exhibits remarkable durability and resilience to external elements. It withstands environmental factors such as moisture, humidity, and temperature fluctuations, ensuring long-term performance and structural integrity in EIFS applications.

  1. Ease of Installation:

Thermocol insulation is lightweight and easy to handle, simplifying the installation process for contractors and builders. Its flexibility allows for seamless integration into various EIFS designs, facilitating efficient construction practices and reducing labor costs.

  1. Cost-Effectiveness:

Investing in Thermocol insulation for EIFS offers significant cost savings over the long term. Its affordability, coupled with energy efficiency benefits, translates into reduced operational expenses and improved return on investment for property owners.

Applications of Thermocol in Pipe Insulation

Apart from EIFS, Thermocol finds extensive use in pipe insulation across residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. Here’s how Thermocol pipe insulation contributes to energy conservation and system performance:

  1. Thermal Insulation:
    • Thermocol pipe insulation effectively reduces heat loss and condensation formation in plumbing systems, conserving energy and preventing water damage.
  2. Freeze Protection:
    • In cold climates, Thermocol insulation helps prevent pipes from freezing, minimizing the risk of burst pipes and costly repairs.
  3. Noise Reduction:
    • Thermocol pipe insulation dampens vibration and reduces noise transmission, enhancing acoustic comfort in residential and commercial buildings.
  4. Corrosion Prevention:
    • By maintaining stable temperatures, Thermocol insulation helps mitigate the risk of corrosion and prolongs the lifespan of plumbing infrastructure.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: Is Thermocol insulation suitable for outdoor applications in harsh weather conditions?

A: Yes, Thermocol insulation demonstrates excellent resistance to environmental factors, including UV exposure and temperature extremes. It is suitable for both indoor and outdoor applications, providing reliable insulation performance in diverse climates.

Q: Can Thermocol pipe insulation be customized to fit different pipe sizes and shapes?

A: Absolutely. Thermocol pipe insulation is available in various diameters and thicknesses, allowing for customized solutions to suit different pipe configurations. It can be easily cut and shaped to fit specific requirements during installation.

Q: How does Thermocol insulation compare to other types of pipe insulation materials?

A: Thermocol insulation offers competitive thermal performance and cost advantages compared to traditional materials like fiberglass and foam. Its lightweight nature and ease of installation make it a preferred choice for many applications.

Q: Is Thermocol insulation environmentally friendly and recyclable?

A: Yes, Thermocol insulation is environmentally friendly and recyclable. It is manufactured from recyclable materials and can be reused or repurposed at the end of its lifecycle, contributing to sustainability initiatives.


Thermocol insulation emerges as a versatile solution for both EIFS and pipe insulation applications, offering superior thermal performance, durability, and cost-effectiveness. Whether enhancing energy efficiency in buildings or protecting plumbing systems from heat loss and condensation, Thermocol proves to be a reliable choice for construction and insulation needs.


SEO Company In Dubai

SEO Company in Dubai: A Comprehensive Guide to Boosting Your Online Visibility

Dubai, the bustling metropolis known for its rapid growth and vibrant business landscape, presents a lucrative opportunity for businesses looking to expand their online presence. With 93% of the population in Dubai actively engaged online, tapping into this market is essential for any business looking to scale and thrive. However, breaking through the clutter and reaching your target audience in Dubai requires more than just posting quality content. It requires a strategic approach to search engine optimization (SEO).

What is SEO?

SEO, or Search Engine Optimization, refers to the techniques used to improve a website’s visibility and ranking on search engine result pages (SERPs). By optimizing your website with relevant keywords and earning high-quality backlinks, you can increase your chances of appearing on the first page of search results. This increased visibility leads to higher organic traffic, more leads, and ultimately, increased revenue.

How Does SEO Work?

SEO involves optimizing your website’s content and structure to align with search engine algorithms. It starts with thorough keyword research to identify the terms and phrases your target audience is using when searching for products or services similar to yours. By strategically incorporating these keywords into your content and earning backlinks from authoritative websites, you can improve your website’s visibility and ranking on search engines.

It’s important to note that SEO is not an overnight process. It takes time for search engines to crawl and index your website, and it may take several months before you start seeing significant results. However, by consistently implementing SEO best practices, you can gradually climb up the rankings and achieve your SEO objectives of increased authority and traffic.

SEO Best Practices to Rank in the UAE Market

To effectively reach your target audience in Dubai and rank on the first page of search results, it’s crucial to implement SEO best practices. By following these nine strategies, you can increase your chances of ranking higher on your targeted keywords.

1. Keyword Research

Keyword research is the foundation of any successful SEO strategy. It involves identifying the keywords and phrases your target audience is using when searching for products or services in your industry. By understanding the search intent behind these keywords, you can create content that aligns with your audience’s needs and preferences.

To conduct keyword research, start by using tools like Google Keyword Planner, SEMrush, or Ahrefs to identify relevant keywords with high search volumes and low competition. Analyze the search results for these keywords to understand the content that is already ranking and identify gaps that you can fill with your own unique content.

2. Compelling Content

Content is king in the world of SEO. To attract and engage your target audience, you need to create compelling and informative content that addresses their pain points and provides valuable insights. Whether it’s in the form of blog posts, articles, videos, or product reviews, your content should be well-written, relevant, and tailored to your audience’s needs.

When creating content, keep in mind that search engines prioritize relevance and user experience. Write for your audience, not just for search engines. Craft your content in a way that answers their questions, provides solutions to their problems, and keeps them engaged throughout. By doing so, you’ll increase the chances of your content ranking higher on search engine result pages.

3. In-Depth Coverage of Topics

To rank on your target keywords, it’s important to cover the topic in-depth. Long-form content tends to perform better in search engine rankings, so aim for an average length of 2100-2500 words for your blog posts or articles. This allows you to provide comprehensive information and address all aspects of the topic.

To cover a topic in-depth, start by conducting thorough research on the keyword and analyzing the content that is already ranking on search engines. Identify what they have covered and what they have missed. By offering unique insights and answering all the pressing questions of your audience, you can create content that stands out from the competition.

Ensure that your content flows naturally and organically, without feeling forced or stuffed with keywords. User experience is crucial, so make sure your content is easy to read, well-structured, and provides a seamless flow of information.

4. Avoid Keyword Stuffing

Keyword stuffing, the practice of excessively using keywords in an attempt to manipulate search engine rankings, is a black-hat SEO technique that should be avoided. Search engines have become smarter and can detect keyword stuffing, which can lead to penalties and a drop in organic traffic.

Instead of stuffing your content with keywords, focus on using your primary keyword once and incorporating 3-5 secondary keywords throughout your content. Place these keywords organically, in headings, subheadings, and within the body of your content. By using keywords naturally and strategically, you can improve your chances of ranking higher on search engine result pages.

5. Structure Your Content

Structuring your content is crucial for both user experience and search engine optimization. By using headings (H1, H2, H3, etc.), you can create a clear and organized structure that allows readers to easily navigate through your content. According to SEMrush, content with advanced headings performs better and has a higher chance of ranking.

When structuring your content, start with an attention-grabbing title (H1) that includes your target keyword. Use subheadings (H2, H3, etc.) to break down your content into digestible sections that cover different aspects of your topic. This not only improves readability but also helps search engines understand the structure and relevance of your content.

6. Interlink Your Content

Interlinking is an important SEO practice that involves linking one page of your website to another page. By interlinking related content, you help search engines crawl and index your website more effectively. It also helps users navigate through your website and discover more relevant content.

When interlinking your content, focus on linking pages that are related and provide additional value to your audience. For example, if you have a blog post about SEO best practices, you can link it to another blog post about keyword research or on-page optimization. This not only improves the user experience but also increases the session duration on your website, which is a positive ranking factor.

7. Earn High-Quality Backlinks

Backlinks, or links from other websites that point to your content, are a crucial ranking factor in SEO. High-quality backlinks signal to search engines that your content is trustworthy and authoritative. By earning backlinks from reputable websites, you can improve your website’s visibility and ranking on search engine result pages.

To earn backlinks, start by creating valuable and shareable content that others in your industry would find useful. Reach out to relevant websites and influencers in your niche and ask them to link to your content. You can also guest post on reputable websites to gain exposure and earn backlinks. Remember, it’s not just about the quantity of backlinks, but the quality and relevance of the linking websites.

8. Optimize Meta Titles and Descriptions

Meta titles and meta descriptions play a vital role in optimizing your content for search engines. The meta title is the clickable link that appears in search results and should accurately describe the content of your page in 60 characters or less. It should include your target keyword and be clear and concise.

The meta description is a brief summary of the content that appears below the title tag. It should provide a compelling summary that entices users to click on your link. Like the meta title, it should include your target keyword and match the search intent of the user. Make sure to write unique meta descriptions for each page of your website to improve click-through rates.

9. Optimize Images

Optimizing your images is often overlooked in SEO, but it is an important aspect of improving your website’s performance and rankings. When optimizing images, consider the following:

  • Choose the best image format: Use webP format to improve site loading speed, which is a ranking factor in search engines.
  • Compress image size: Large image sizes can slow down your website’s loading speed. Compress your images to improve site performance.
  • Add alt text: Alt text helps search engines understand the content of your images. Use accurate alt text that describes the image without keyword stuffing.

By optimizing your images, you can enhance the overall SEO performance of your website and provide a better user experience.

Local SEO: Targeting Your Local Audience

While SEO helps improve your overall online visibility, local SEO specifically targets customers in your local area. For businesses operating in Dubai, optimizing your website for local SEO is crucial to attract customers both online and offline.

Local SEO is the strategy of optimizing your website to appear in local search results. For example, when someone searches for a product or service in their local area, Google displays three local businesses on the first page. Local SEO helps your business be one of those top three results.

To improve your local search visibility, consider the following best practices:

  1. Create your Google My Business profile to ensure accurate and up-to-date information about your business is displayed in local search results.
  2. Optimize your Google My Business profile by providing detailed information, including your business address, phone number, website, and operating hours.
  3. Optimize your website with local keywords, such as the name of your city or neighborhood, to increase your chances of appearing in local search results.
  4. Build a good reputation by collecting positive reviews from satisfied customers. Encourage customer reviews on platforms like Google, Yelp, or TripAdvisor.
  5. Build local backlinks by partnering with other local businesses, sponsoring local events, or participating in community initiatives.
  6. Adhere to Google’s rules and regulations to ensure your website meets the search engine’s guidelines for local SEO.
  7. Regularly update your business profile and website with fresh and relevant content to maintain your online presence and attract new customers.

By implementing these local SEO strategies, you can increase your business’s visibility to potential customers in your local area and drive more foot traffic to your physical store.

How a Professional SEO Agency Can Help You Succeed

Navigating the intricacies of SEO, especially in a market as competitive as Dubai, can be challenging. Cultural sensitivities and local laws add another layer of complexity to the SEO landscape. That’s why many businesses choose to hire a professional SEO agency to handle their digital marketing efforts.

A reputable SEO agency in Dubai can provide the expertise and experience needed to boost your online visibility, attract organic traffic, and generate leads. Here’s how they can help:

  1. Specialized knowledge: SEO agencies specialize in bringing organic traffic, leads, and conversions. Their team of experts understands the nuances of SEO and stays updated with the latest industry trends and algorithm changes.
  2. Cost-effective solution: Hiring an agency is often more cost-effective than hiring a full-time SEO specialist. With an agency, you don’t have to worry about paying incentives or providing additional benefits.
  3. Strategic approach: SEO agencies develop customized strategies based on your business goals, target audience, and industry. They conduct thorough research and competitor analysis to identify the most effective tactics for your business.
  4. Enhanced online presence: By outsourcing your SEO efforts to an agency, you can focus on other aspects of your business while leaving the digital marketing to the experts. This allows you to build a strong online presence and establish your brand as an authority in your industry.
  5. Compliance with local laws and regulations: SEO agencies in Dubai are well-versed in the local laws and cultural sensitivities. They can ensure that your digital marketing efforts comply with the regulations, reducing the risk of penalties or legal issues.

If you’re looking for an SEO company in Dubai to help you reach your target audience and achieve your business goals, consider partnering with us. With our expertise and proven track record, we can help you navigate the competitive landscape and drive meaningful results.


SEO is a powerful tool for businesses in Dubai looking to boost their online visibility and attract more customers. By implementing the best practices outlined in this guide and considering the unique aspects of local SEO, you can position your business for success in the digital landscape. And if you need assistance, don’t hesitate to reach out to a professional SEO agency that understands the intricacies of the Dubai market.


1989 год, Техас. В одном из городков этого штата живут Мэри и Джордж Купер, воспитывающие троих детей – подростка Джорджи и двойняшек Шелдон и Мисси. Старший сын Джорджи любит пропадать на улице в компании друзей. Младшие же, хоть и родились в один день, сильно отличаются друг от друга. Мисси – обычная девочка, ничем не выделяющаяся среди сверстников в отличии от своего брата Шелдона. Тот в свои девять лет поражает окружающих нестандартными мыслями и не по годам развитым интеллектом. Родные стараются поддержать Шелдона, однако это им удается не всегда. Необычайно одаренный ребенок, Шелдон не только любит делать домашние задания, но и намного опережает в развитии старшеклассников.

Но быть таким умным оказывается не так уж и хорошо, тем более, когда твоя мать – религиозная фанатка, а папаша всему остальному предпочитает баночку пива, выпитую в компании телевизора. Преподаватели в школе сторонятся маленького вундеркинда, родные не обладают даже сотой долей его ума и не понимают интересов Шелдона. Однако несмотря на свой ум парнишка обладает скверным характером и частенько попадает в разные неприятные ситуации. Его совершенно не понимают сверстники, а взрослые смотрят свысока на гениального выскочку. Однако все это не особо беспокоит самого Шелдона, ведь все, о чем он мечтает – наука.

Journal of Cloud Computing and its Applications

Aims and scope

The Journal of Cloud Computing and its Applications  is a open access journal aimed at publishing global leading research and is dedicated to being the primary platform for research in all technical areas of cyber security. It will encompass original research and review papers in computer science, electronics, networking, information technology, systems, telecommunications, and other related areas. Topics will cover, but are not limited to, the following areas: Hacking, Denial-of-Service attacks, cyberwarfare, viruses, malware, vulnerability analysis, encryption, integrity, firewalls, authentication, exploits, and insider threats.

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About the Journal

About the Journal

The Journal of Cybersecurity publish the latest and outstanding original Research articles, reviews, and letters in all the areas of Cybersecurity It covers a broad range of topics including but not limited to,

1. Information Security
2. Computer Network Security
3. Application Security,Web Services Security, Mobile Security
4. Protective Securitym Wireless & Sensor Network Security
5. Policy, Legal, Legislation & Compliance
6. Security Standardisation
7. Internet Banking, E-Booking
8. Web Chats
9. Secure Protocols, Coding And Development
10. Security Principles, Theory And Analysis
11. Security Policy, Standards And Procedures
12. Anti-Virus And Anti-Malware Gateways
13. Data Loss Prevention
14. Encryption Service
15. Cybersecurity Operation Centre
16. Security Operations Centre Management
17. Network Operations Centre
18. Vulnerability Management
19. Remediation And Optimisation
20. Blockchain
21. Stem & Cyber Security Education
22. Application Container Platform Security
23. Law, Legal And Ethics

Copyright policy

Each manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that it has been neither published nor submitted for publication, in whole or in part, either in a serial, professional journal or as a part in a book which is formally published and made available to the public. For the mutual benefit and protection of authors and publishers, it is necessary that authors provide formal written consent to publish and transfer of copyright form before publication of the work.


Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author and should be returned with one week of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors; any other corrections may be charged to the authors. Authors are advised to check their proofs very carefully before return since the inclusion of late corrections maybe be chargeable (30% of the publication cost). Corrected proofs are to be returned to the publishers with copyright form, registration form, and Payment proof

Author Benefits

The benefit of publishing in International Journal includes,
  • Doi, Crossref. and UNR is allotted for all manuscripts.
  • Rapid review process
  • Open Access journals
  • Qualified and sincere Editorial team members
  • Publication immediately after acceptance
  • Quality & fast editorial- review processing
  • All abstracts and full text available free online to all main universities worldwide
  • Ensures promotion to the widest possible audience


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document (.doc) file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Page Charges: Authors are required to pay a page charge of $499 USD per published paper upon notification of assessment at page proofs.
Title page:

Manuscript Title (16 Bold)

First Writer1, Second Writer2, Willy C 3, * (12 Font Size)

1,2Department, affiliation, Country (10 Font Size, Italic),

3Mechanical Engineering, Oxford University, USA (10 Font Size, Italic)

Abstract:  (10Font size, Bold) Objective: the abstract body be supposed to review the content of the manuscript. Aim to remain the abstract below 220 text words. Do not make references, abbreviated words, and equations in the abstract. The journal will be published from the same sized copy submitted by you. Method: the title be supposed to appear on a separate page which be supposed to then follow by the writer's name and the institution name and address by indicating suitable superscripts. Title page be supposed to contain the title of the manuscript in bold face, title case (16 font size, uppercase), the names of the writers in normal face (12 font size, lower case, bold) followed by the afilation address in normal face lower case (font size 10). An asterisk (*) should be placed after the corresponding writer's name as superscript whose e-mail id, fax, telephone number can be given at the bottom left corner of the title. Results: corresponding writer has the responsibility to make sure that all co writers are responsive and consent the contents of the manuscript. Conclusion: this will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you arrange will be photographed and printed as it is received. Keywords writer(s) should give about 5 key words which can identify the most important subjects covered by the manuscript. They should be placed at the end of the abstract. (10 font size, italic)

Keywords: (10 Font Size, Bold): Keyword1; keyword2; about five key words in alphabetical order; separated by semioclon (10Font Size, Italic)

Citation: First writer, Second writer & third writer, ( 2015). Effect of Graphene Filler Content on Mechanical Strength and Hardness for Goat Hair Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Composites. International Journal of Xxxxxxxxxx, X(X), XXX-XXX. doi:10.4273/PENCIS.7.4.10

*Correspondence: Dr. Willy Chou, Department of Recreation and Health-Care Management and Institute of Recreation Industry Management, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy, Tainan, Taiwan. Tel: 886-6-2812811, email:

 Received: XX August 20XX Revised: XX September 20XX, Accepted: XX October 20XX

Open access policy: This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes. For commercial reuse, contact

Introduction (10 Font size, bold)

The introduction of the manuscript is supposed to explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the manuscript. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the manuscript. The reference should be provided in square bracket, e.g., [2] for all references (10 Font size)

Headings (10 Font size, bold)

Subtitle (10 Font size Bold, Italic)

Headings (10 Font size Font size, Italic)

The headings and sub-headings, first with "1. Introduction", appear in proper case letters and be supposed to be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings is numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection should be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc. The font size for heading is 10 points capital letter and bold face and subsections with 10 points and bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (10 Font size)

Indentations and Equations

The first paragraph under each heading or subheading be supposed to be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs be supposed to have a No-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is accessible, but there is no punctuation subsequent the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text exclusively by a number enclosed in a in a circle bracket (i.e., (2)). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your manuscript cannot be confused with a reference [5] or an equation (2) designation. (10 Font size)

Figures and Tables

To ensure a high quality product, diagrams and lettering should be either computer drafted or drawn using India ink. Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters. When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures are supposed to be numbered in the order they appear in the text. Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (10 Font size)


A conclusion section should be included and be supposed to indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the manuscript. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the manuscript, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions. (10 Font size)

Acknowledgements (10 font size, bold)

An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired. (10 Font size)

References (10 font size, bold) (must be APA format)

 This heading is not assigned a number. A reference list should be 10 Font sizes, included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number with this in a square bracket (i.e., [4]). References should be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the manuscript, not alphabetical arrangement.


  1. Regupathi, R., Rajalakshmi, M., & Dhivya, E. (2014). Experimental Study on Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Precast SIFCON Laminates. PENCIS International Journal of Engineering, 1(2), 132-139.
  2. Book, A. P. P. (1964). The theory of space, time and gravitation.
  3. Zines, L., Davies, P. M., & Ricketson, S. Chapters in Books. Recent Developments in the Judicial Interpretation of the Australian, 180, 250.
  4. Abercrombie, N., Hill, S., & Turner, B. S. (1980). The dominant ideology thesis. London: Allen & Unwin.
  5. York Manuscripts Conference, & York Centre for Medieval Studies. (1989). Latin and vernacular: studies in late-medieval texts and manuscripts;[proceedings of the 1987 York Manuscripts Conference]. A. J. Minnis (Ed.). Brewer.
  6. Stim, R. (2014). Patent, Copyright & Trademark: An Intellectual Property Desk Reference. Nolo. 

Review Article

Organization of the review article is at the author's discretion and must be at a length of 6 pages, including all kinds of text like abstract to references. Abstract and key words are required. Tables, figures, illustrations and references are to be arranged according to research papers.

Editorial Board

Will be Updated soon..


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